Diabetes is a condition that affects how your body uses the food you eat for energy. This problem is closely tied to how your body makes and uses a hormone called insulin. When food is eaten and the blood sugar increases, insulin is produced by special cells in the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood sugar level by unlocking a doorway into the cell allowing the sugar to enter the cell and be used as energy. Using food for energy is as important to your health as having air to breathe.



Pre-diabetes is a medical condition that puts you at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. It occurs when the fasting blood glucose (blood sugar) level is above normal. Normal fasting glucose levels should be between 60 and 99 mg/dl. In pre-diabetes, patient experience moderately blood glucose levels in the range of 100 to 125 mg/dl.

Pre-diabetes is very treatable, and if you have it, there is a good chance that with proper medical and behavioral intervention, you will be able prevent or delay the onset type 2 diabetes by making the appropriate nutrition changes in your diet and increasing your level of physical activity.

Type 1 Diabetes

When an individual develops Type 1 diabetes the pancreas does not make any insulin. The immune system attacks and accidentally destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This type of diabetes is more common in children, but it can develop at any age. People with Type 1 diabetes must inject insulin every day until a cure for diabetes is discovered.

Warning signs of type 1 include frequent urination, unusual thirst or extreme hunger, unexplained, rapid weight loss, extreme fatigue and irritability

It is estimated that up to 3 million Americans have this type of diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1, and accounts for approximately 90 percent of all individuals diagnosed with diabetes. It generally occurs in adults, but is becoming more common in children, teenagers, and young adults.

People with Type 2 diabetes either do make enough insulin on their own or their body may not be able to properly use the insulin that is made by the pancreas. People with type 2 diabetes can make essential lifestyle and behavioral changes to improve their blood sugar levels. They can manage their condition with diet, exercise, increased physical activity and use of medication as needed.

The warning signs of type 2 include symptoms for Type 1, blurred vision or any change in vision, tingling or numbness in legs, feet, or skin, frequent skin/vaginal/urinary tract infections or itchy skin and slow healing of cuts and bruises

Many people with type 2 diabetes are asymptomatic and experience no symptoms. The American Diabetes Association estimates that about 6 million people have Type 2 diabetes, but are unaware of it.

Risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes

Unfortunately, researcher do not know the exact cause of diabetes, however, there are many risk factors that we know increase the chance of developing Type 2 diabetes.

These risks include:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Being physically inactive
  • Being a member of a high risk ethnic population
  • Delivering a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
  • Having high blood pressure
  • Having high cholesterol
  • Having polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Having “pre-diabetes”

The Dangers of Diabetes

Oftentimes diabetes goes undiagnosed because many people do not experience symptoms. If systems are felt, many people ignore them because they seem so harmless. Diabetes is a serious disease that can cause serious problems with your heart, blood vessels, eyes, nerves, and kidneys.

Diabetes Complications

Heart and blood vessel disease can lead to heart attack and stroke, eye disease can lead to loss of vision or even blindness, nerve disease causes damage to the communication pathway among nerves that can lead to erectile dysfunction, and even limb amputation and kidney disease can lead to dialysis or the need for a kidney transplant.

Why you should consider a Diabetes Management Program

If you have pre-diabetes or diabetes, you can prevent complications and even reduce the effects of the disease by participating in our Diabetes Management Program. Our diabetes specialists can work with you to develop a comprehensive program to help you maintain a healthy lifestyle and reduce or eliminate complications from diabetes.

Our diabetes management program will assist you in:

  • Eating a low-fat, balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight, or lose weight if you need to.
  • Monitoring and maintaining your blood pressure below 130/80.
  • Monitoring and maintaining your cholesterol.
  • Monitoring and maintaining your blood glucose levels routinely.
  • Becoming more active – getting at least 30 minutes of moderate, physical activity a day.
  • Reducing your alcohol consumption
  • Smoking cessation

Our Multidisciplinary Team Approach

Don’t get overwhelmed, we are here to help. Making lifestyle changes at any stage in your life can be challenging. Let our diabetes management team help you take control of your diabetes.

We encourage you to ask as many questions as necessary until you are confident that you understand your heart condition, medications or procedures you may be considering.

In her practice as a top heart doctor in Albuquerque, Dr. Michelle Khoo wants you to be informed, comfortable and confident about your treatment plan.

Quality Healthcare is at the Heart of Everything We Do.

To schedule a consultation with Dr. Khoo call 1-505-248-1802 or click here to request an appointment online.

Khoo & Associates Cardiology and Wellness is a boutique Cardiovascular Health & Wellness practice that is focused on delivering outstanding, comprehensive and ethical cardiovascular care to patients in Albuquerque and the surrounding counties of Bernalillo, Sandoval, Torrance and Valencia in New Mexico.

Our experienced and dedicated team offers our patients the combined collective experience and knowledge necessary to ensure the highest level of patient care in two convenient office locations – Downtown Albuquerque and Rio Rancho.