Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death among men and women in the United States.
What is Coronary Artery Disease?
Coronary artery disease occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become clogged with plaque. This build up of plaque is due to cholesterol that has built up over many years. This process is called atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis is a common disorder of the arteries. Fat, cholesterol, and other substances collect in the walls of arteries. Larger accumulations are called atheromas or plaque and can damage artery walls and block blood flow. Severely restricted blood flow in the heart muscle leads to symptoms such as chest pain.
The coronary arteries supply your heart with blood. When these become blocked or diseased, the amount of oxygen and nutrients your heart receives is reduced. Over time, this will result in reduced performance of the heart. Left untreated, a complete blockage of the arteries can occur, and this may lead to a heart attack. Symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain, and any of the symptoms that may be associated with heart disease signs and symptoms.
The artery may narrow suddenly causing a heart attack. More often, however, the arteries slowly narrow causing symptoms of angina. This occurs when the arteries are not supplying enough oxygen to the heart muscle.
Angina presents itself differently in each person. Most people have an ache, pressure, heaviness or discomfort in their chest. Some have it in their neck, shoulders, back, arms or jaws. Others may have shortness of breath, nausea or sweating.
Treatment may include medications with or without a heart catheterization with angioplasty and stent or even bypass surgery depending on the nature and number of blocked arteries.
Coronary Artery Disease Treatment Albuquerque
There are many drugs that can help manage coronary artery disease. Dr. Khoo will perform tests and select the drug treatment option that is best for you. There are also things that you can do to prevent this disease and help your body to repair itself. Eating a healthy diet, exercising, weight loss and stopping smoking will assist your body in keeping your arteries health and clear.
When coronary artery disease has progressed past a point of diet, exercise, or medication, it may be necessary for surgery to clear the blockage. The types of surgery usually performed are Angioplasty and stent placement, or in some cases, coronary artery bypass surgery is used to restore the flow of blood to the heart.
Life style modification amplifies the drug effects and includes smoking cessation, weight loss, healthy eating habits and exercise.
We encourage you to ask as many questions as necessary until you are confident that you understand your heart condition, medications or procedures you may be considering.
In her practice as a top heart doctor in Albuquerque, Dr. Michelle Khoo wants you to be informed, comfortable and confident about your treatment plan.
Quality Healthcare is at the Heart of Everything We Do.
To schedule a consultation with Dr. Khoo call 1-505-248-1802 or click here to request an appointment online.
Khoo & Associates Cardiology and Wellness is a boutique Cardiovascular Health & Wellness practice that is focused on delivering outstanding, comprehensive and ethical cardiovascular care to patients in Albuquerque and the surrounding counties of Bernalillo, Sandoval, Torrance and Valencia in New Mexico.
Our experienced and dedicated team offers our patients the combined collective experience and knowledge necessary to ensure the highest level of patient care in two convenient office locations – Downtown Albuquerque and Rio Rancho.